Saffron is used as a nervine sedative and in fevers, melancholia and enlargement of the liver. It is also used in spasmodic cough and asthma and in catarrhal affections of children. It is also given in anaemia, chlorosis and seminal debility. It also improves circulation and strengthens the heart, brain and liver. Saffron induces menstruation, treats period pain and chronic uterine bleeding. Saffron contains a chemical called “crocetin”, which has been determined to increase the oxygen content of the blood, which may in turn reduce plaque build up in arteries. Additional human studies have indicated that saffron has powerful antioxidant properties; that is, it helps to protect living tissues from free radicals and other harmful effects of oxidation.